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Medical Course After 12th

Malaviya National Institute of Technology Jaipur(MNIT)
March 25, 2019
Paramedical Courses
March 28, 2019

Most often, students who take Science in 12th are found to choose medical courses or engineering. If you had Biology as one of the major subjects in 12th in the Science stream, the most ideal professional course would be M.B.B.S.

In this Article, we will discuss the medical courses after 12th.

Medical Courses with Biology

If you are a Biology student, you could choose professional courses such as M.B.B.S or B.D.S (Dental Surgery). Besides, there are other professional courses suitable for Biology students, such as Nursing, Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Teacher training, Paramedical and related Diploma courses.

Let us look at the Medical courses in detail:


This has been the most popular course chosen by Biology students after 12th. The duration is 5 ½ years, in which academic program takes about 4 ½ years and concludes with an internship which takes a year. This course is mandatory and is the base for practice as a Doctor in India.


The acronym is Bachelor of Dental Surgery. Aspirants must complete the academic program which lasts for 5 years- including the internship, so as to practice as a dentist.

B.Sc Nursing

The span of the course is about 3-4 years. On completion of the course, you will be a Registered Nurse or RN. The academic year comprises both lectures and practical training.

B.Pharm or Bachelor of Pharmacy

This course is the stepping stone to become a licensed chemist in India. The span of the course is 4 years. The syllabus comprises topics such as Pharmacy, Chemistry, Biology and Healthcare.

Pharm D

This course is completely different from B.Pharm. Pharm D refers to Doctor of Pharmacy, more advanced than B.Pharm and the duration is 6 years.


The acronym is Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine & Surgery. Being different from MBBS, BAMS covers concepts of Ayurveda and Ayurvedic medicine. On completion, you could entitled as Doctor (Ayurveda). The span of this course is 5 ½ years.


BHMS or the Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery is a course aiming at treating the patients through homeopathic techniques and medicines. On completion, you can obtain the title of Doctor (Homeopathy). The span of the course is 5 ½ years.

BPT (Physiotherapy)

Bachelor of Physiotherapy course comprises massages, exercises and moving the muscles, thus treating the patients suffering from injuries due to accidents or those recovering from surgeries. The span of the course is 4 ½ years.

Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry (B. V.SC & A.H)

The course is about use of Biology and certain technologies to treat and prevent the diseases seen in animals. The duration of the course is 5 years.

BOT (Bachelor of Occupational Therapy)

The course is about the Occupational Therapy. The course explains the usage of exercises, training, aiding tools, getting adapted to environment and instruments and treating the patients who suffer from physical, mental, emotional and neurological issues. The span of the course is 4½ years.

Bachelor of Audiology Speech Language Pathology)

The course comprises certain aspects such as Audiology, hearing disorders, auditive systems and speech language therapy. The span of the course is 5 years, which includes internship.

Other B.Sc Courses

Besides these professional courses, there are certain courses available for students who opted Biology in 12th:

  • Biochemistry
  • Biology
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Environmental Science
  • Biotechnology
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Physiotherapy
  • Radiology
  • Bioinformatics
  • Anthropology
  • Microbiology
  • Zoology
  • Forensic Science
  • Agriculture
  • Pathology
  • Speech Therapy
  • B.F.Sc. (Fisheries Science)
  • Horticulture
  • Genetics
  • Health Science and Nutrition
  • Sports Science
  • Audiology
  • Botany

Paramedical courses

These courses belong to Allied Healthcare sector. These courses include aspects such as Medical LAb Technology, Diagnosis Technology, Radiology etc. Following are some of the top recommended paramedical courses:

  • B.Sc. in Operation Theatre Technology
  • B.Sc. in X Ray Technology
  • B.Sc. in Radiography and Medical Imaging
  • B.Sc. in Dialysis Technology
  • B.Sc. in Medical Record Technology
  • B.Sc. in Medical Laboratory Technology
  • B.Sc. in Ophthalmic Technology
  • Bachelor of Occupational Therapy
  • Bachelor of Physiotherapy
  • B.Sc. in Speech Therapy
  • B.Sc. in Audiology
  • B.Sc. in Anaesthesia Technology
  • B.Sc. in Audiology and Speech Therapy
  • B.Sc. in Optometry
  • Diploma in Operation Theatre Technology (DOTT)
  • Diploma in X Ray Technology
  • Diploma in Radiography and Medical Imaging
  • Diploma in ECG Technology
  • Diploma in Dialysis Technology
  • Diploma in Medical Record Technology
  • Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology (DMLT)
  • Diploma in Ophthalmic Technology
  • Diploma in Physiotherapy
  • Diploma in Anaesthesia Technology
  • Diploma in Nursing Care Assistant
  • Diploma in Sanitary Inspector
  • Diploma in Hearing Language and Speech (DHLS)
  • Diploma in Dental Hygienist
  • Diploma in Audiometry Technician
  • Diploma in Audiology and Speech Therapy
  • X-Ray/Radiology Assistant (or Technician)
  • Medical Laboratory Assistant
  • Operation Theatre Assistant
  • Nursing Care Assistant (Certificate)
  • ECG Assistant
  • Dental Assistant
  • Ophthalmic Assistant
  • CT Scan Technician
  • Dialysis Technician
  • MRI Technician

Diploma courses in Medical Field

After 12th, aspirants could choose the desired diploma course in the medical field. Let us take a look at the the top diploma courses:

  • GNM (General Nursing and Midwifery)
  • ANM (Auxiliary Nursing and Midwifery)
  • Diploma in Pharmacy
  • Diploma in Dairy Technology
  • Diploma in Yoga Education


In this session, we discussed various courses you could choose from, after 12th with Biology as one of the major subjects. Hope the session has been helpful in choosing the ideal career path.

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