Short Summary

- 1 KALINGA INSTITUTE OF INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY ENTRANCE EXAMINATION
- 1.1 EXAMINATION PATTERN 2020:
- 1.2 :SYLLABUS OF EXAMINATION:
- 1.2.1 SYLLABUS FOR B.TECH. (4YEARS)/ BIOTECHNOLOGY- DUAL DEGREE (B.TECH / M.TECH) & B.SC.NURSING/B.SC. COMPUTER SCIENCE
- 1.2.2 SYLLABUS FOR B.TECH. (4YEARS)/ BIOTECHNOLOGY- DUAL DEGREE (B.TECH / M.TECH)
- 1.2.3 SYLLABUS FOR BIOTECHNOLOGY- DUAL DEGREE (B.TECH / M.TECH) & B.SC.NURSING
- 1.2.4 SYLLABUS FOR B.TECH. (LATERAL ENTRY)
- 1.2.5 SYLLABUS FOR MCA /MCA (LE) PROGRAMME & M.SC. COMPUTER SCIENCE MATHEMATICS
- 1.2.6 SYLLABUS FOR M.SC. (BIOTECHNOLOGY / APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY)

**KALINGA INSTITUTE OF INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY ENTRANCE EXAMINATION**

Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, formerly KIIT University, is a private institute deemed to be university located in Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. KIITEE (Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology Entrance Exam) is a national level entrance test is conducted for admission to MBA, UG and PG programs. It is organized by KIIT (Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology). Check the following table to know the important dates regarding KIITEE MBA 2020 mentioned below:

**EXAMINATION PATTERN 2020:**

#### KIITEE EXAM PATTERN FOR UG:

KIITEE Exam Pattern is different for all the programs. The pattern for Engineering and Nursing is almost similar. Physics and Chemistry have the same syllabus for these courses. The pattern for lateral entry in B.Tech is based on the syllabus of diploma in Engineering. The time duration of the paper for every program is three hours.

- B.Tech/ B.Arch – KIITEE paper for B.Tech/ B.Arch comprises three sections i.e. Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. Each section carries 40 questions. The questions asked in the examination are based on 12th examination syllabus.
- B.Sc (Nursing) – It comprises Physics, Chemistry and Biology sections. It consists of 120 multiple choice questions. It contains equal weightage in each section.
- B.Tech (Lateral Entry) – Candidates seeking admission in the direct second year of program must know about the KIITEE Exam Pattern for lateral entry. It comprises Mathematics, Engineering Mechanics and Electrical Engineering. It consists of 40 questions from each section. The syllabus for this program is based on the syllabus diploma in Engineering.
- BBA/ BCA – KIITEE Exam Pattern for BBA/ BCA comprises Mathematical Ability, Logical Ability, Verbal Ability and General Knowledge. It consists of 20 GK questions, 40 questions in Verbal Ability and 30 questions each in Mathematical Ability & Logical Ability.

Check the following table to know the KIITEE exam pattern for all the under graduate courses mentioned below.

Name of the program | Subjects | No. of questions | Time Duration |

B.Tech/ B.Arch | Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics | 40 questions in each subject | 3 hours |

B.Sc (Nursing) | Physics, Chemistry, Biology | 40 questions in each subject | |

B.Tech (Lateral Entry) | Mathematics, Engineering Mechanics, Electrical Engineering | 40 questions in each subject | |

BBA/ BCA | Mathematical Ability, Logical Ability, Verbal Ability & GK | GK – 20 VA – 40 MA & LA – 60 |

#### KIITEE EXAM PATTERN FOR PG

KIIT (Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology) offers various post graduate programs such as MCA, M.Tech, M.Sc and Master of Public Health. For PG programs, 120 questions are asked in the paper.

- MCA – KIITEE Paper for MCA comprises Mathematics, Computer Awareness, Analytical and Logical Ability sections. It consists of 60 Mathematics questions and 30 questions each in Computer Awareness and Analytical & Logical Ability.
- M.Tech – The paper for M.Tech program will be based on the syllabus of the particular stream in B.Tech. It consists of only one paper and contains 120 multiple choice questions.
- M.Sc (Biotechnology/ Applied Microbiology)- It comprises four sections i.e. Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Biology. It consists of 20 Physics questions, 20 Mathematics questions, 30 Chemistry questions and 50 Biology questions. The questions asked in Biology section is of Graduation level. The questions in other three sections are based on the class 12th syllabus.
- M.Sc (Nursing)- The questions will be pertaining to the B.Sc in Nursing Syllabus.
- Master of Public Health/ Master of Hospital Administration – This paper consists of four sections i.e. Quantitative Aptitude (30 questions), Logical Reasoning (30 questions), English Language (40 questions) and General Awareness (20 questions). It comprises total 120 questions.

Candidates can go through the following table to know the KIITEE Exam Pattern for PG courses.

Program | Subjects | No. of questions | Duration |

MCA | Mathematics, Computer Awareness, Analytical & Logical Ability | 120 (60 in Mathematics) | 3 hours |

M.Tech | Branch Specific | 120 | |

M.Sc (Biotechnology) | PCMB | 120 | |

M.Sc Nursing | B.Sc Nursing syllabus | 120 | |

Master of Public Health | Aptitude, Reasoning, English and General Awareness | 120 |

**:SYLLABUS OF EXAMINATION:**

**SYLLABUS FOR B.TECH. (4YEARS)/ BIOTECHNOLOGY- DUAL DEGREE (B.TECH / M.TECH) & B.SC.NURSING/B.SC. COMPUTER SCIENCE **

**PHYSICS **

**Unit 1: Units and Measurement **

Units for measurement, systems of units-S.I., fundamental and derived units. Dimensions and their applications.

**Unit 2: Description of Motion in One Dimension **

Motion in a straight line, uniform and non- uniform motion, their graphical representation. Uniformly accelerated motion, and its application.

**Unit 3: Description of Motion in Two and Three Dimensions **

Scalars and vectors, vector addition, a real number, zero vector and its properties. Resolution of vectors. Scalar and vector products, uniform circular motion and its applications projectile motion.

**Unit 4: Laws of Motion **

Force and inertia-Newton’s Laws of Motion. Conservation of linear momentum and its applications, rocket propulsion, friction-laws of friction.

**Unit 5: Work, Energy and Power **

Concept of work, energy and power. Energy- Kinetic and potential. Conservation of energy and its applications, Elastic collisions in one and two dimensions. Different forms of energy.

**Unit 6: Rotational Motion and Moment of Inertia **

Centre of mass of a two-particle system. Centre of mass of a rigid body, general motion of a rigid body, nature of rotational motion, torque, angular momentum, its conservation and applications.

Moment of inertia, parallel and perpendicular axes theorem, expression of moment of inertia for ring, disc and sphere.

**Unit 7:- Gravitation **Acceleration due to gravity, one and two- dimensional motion under gravity. Universal law of gravitation, variation in the acceleration due to gravity of the earth. Planetary motion, Kepler’s laws, artificial satellite-geostationary satellite, gravitational potential energy near the surface of earth, gravitational potential and escape velocity.

**Unit 8: Solids and Fluids **

Interatomic and Intermolecular forces, states of matter.

(A) Solids: Elastic properties, Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity.

(B) Liquids : Cohesion and adhesion. Surface energy and surface tension. Flow of fluids, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications. Viscosity, Stoke’s Law, terminal velocity.

**Unit 9: Oscillations **

Periodic motion, simple harmonic motion and its equation of motion, energy in S.H.M., Oscillations of a spring and simple pendulum.

**Unit 10: Waves **

Wave motion, speed of a wave, longitudinal and transverse waves, superposition of waves, progressive and standing waves, free and forced Oscillations, resonance, vibration of strings and air-columns, beats, Doppler effects.

**Unit 11: Heat and Thermodynamics **

Thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases and their specific heats, Relationship between Oersted’s experiment, Biot-Savart’s law, magnetic field due to straight wire, circular loop and solenoid, force on a moving charge in a uniform magnetic field ( Lorentz force), forces and torques on currents in a magnetic field, force between two current carrying wires, moving coil galvanometer and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

**Unit 23: Atoms, Molecules and Nuclei **

Alpha particles scattering experiment, Atomic masses, size of the nucleus; radioactivity; Alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties, radioactive decay law, half life and mean life of radio-active nuclei, binding energy, Alpha particles scattering experiment, Atomic masses, size of the nucleus; radioactivity; Alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties, radioactive decay law, half life and mean life of radio-active nuclei, binding energy, Cp and Cv for gases, first law of thermodynamics, thermodynamic processes. Second law of thermodynamics, Carnot cycle efficiency of heat engines.

**Unit 12: Transference of Heat **Modes of transference of heat. Thermal conductivity. Black body radiation, Kirchoff’s Law, Wien’s law, Stefan’s law of radiation and Newton’s law of cooling.

**Unit 13: Electrostatics **Electric charge-its unit and conservation, Coulomb’s law, dielectric constant, electric field, lines of force, field due to dipole and its behaviour in a uniform electric field, electric flux, Gauss’s theorem and its applications. Electric potential, potential due to a point charge. Conductors and insulators, distribution of charge on conductors. Capacitance, parallel plate capacitor, combination of capacitors, energy of capacitor.

**Unit 14: Current Electricity **

Electric current and its unit, sources of energy, cells-primary and secondary, grouping of cells resistance of different materials, temperature dependence, specific resistivity, Ohm’s law, Kirchoff’s law, series and parallel circuits. Wheatstone Bridge with their applications and potentiometer with their applications**. **

**Unit 15 : Thermal and Chemical Effects of Currents **

Heating effects of current, electric power, simple concept of thermo-electricity-Seeback effect and thermocouple, Chemical effect of current- Faraday’s laws of electrolysis.

**Unit 16: Magnetic Effects of Currents **

**Unit 17: Magnetostatics **

Bar magnet, magnetic field, lines of force, torque on a bar magnet in a magnetic field, earth’s magnetic field, para, dia and ferro magnetism, magnetic induction, magnetic susceptibility.

**Unit 18: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents **

Induced e.m.f., Faraday’s Law,Lenz’s Law, Self and Mutual Inductance, alternating currents, impedance and reactance, power in a.c. Circuits with L.C. And R Series Combination, resonant circuits. Transformer and A.C. generator.

**Unit 19: Ray Optics **

Reflection and refraction of light at plane and curved surfaces, total internal reflection, optical fibre; deviation and dispersion of light by a prism; Lens formula, magnification and resolving power, microscope and telescope.

**Unit 20: Wave Optics **

Wave nature of light; Interference- Young’s double slit experiment. Diffraction-diffraction due to a single slit. Elementary idea of polarization.

**Unit 21: Electromagnetic Waves **

Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics, Electromagnetic wave spectrum from gamma to radio waves-propagation of EM waves in atmosphere.

**Unit 22: Electron and Photons **

Charge on an electron, e/m for an electron, photoelectric effect and Einstein’s equation of photoelectric effect.

mass energy relationship, nuclear fission and nuclear fusion.

**Unit 24: Solids and Semiconductors ****Devices **

Energy bands in solids, conductors, insulators and semiconductors, pn junction, diodes, diode as rectifier, transistor action, transistor as an amplifier.

**CHEMISTRY**** **

**Unit 1: Some Basic Concepts: **Measurement in chemistry (Precision, significant figures, S.I. units, Dimensional analysis). Laws of chemical combination. Atomic Mass, Molecular Mass, mole concept, Molar Mass, determination of Molecular formula. Chemical equation, stoichiometry of Chemical reactions.

**Unit 2 : States of Matter **

Gaseous state, measurable properties of gases, Boyle’s Law, Charle’s Law and absolute scale of temperature, Avogadro’s hypothesis, ideal gas equation, Dalton’s law of partial pressures.

Kinetic molecular theory of gases (the microscopic model of gas), deviation from ideal behaviour.

The solid state ( classification of solids, X-ray studies of crystal lattices and unit cells, packing of constituent particles in crystals). Imperfection in solids, electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties of solids. Liquid state (Properties of liquids, Vapour pressure, Surface tension, Viscosity).

**Unit 3: Atomic Structure **

Constituents of the atom (discovery of the electron, rutherford model of the atom).

Electronics structure of atoms-nature of light and electromagnetic waves, atomic spectra, bohr’s model of hydrogen, shortcomings of the bohr model.

Dual nature of matter and radiation. de-Broglie relation. The uncertainty principle, Quantum Mechanical Model of the atom, Orbitals and

Quantum numbers. Shapes of orbitals. Aufbau principle, Pauli Exclusion principle, Hund’s Rule, Electronics Configuration of atoms.

**Unit 4: Solutions **

Types of solutions, Units of concentration, Vapour-pressure of solutions and Raoult’s law. Colligative properties. Determination of molecular mass. Non-ideal solutions and abnormal molecular masses. Volumetric analysis-concentration unit.

**Unit 5: Chemical Energetics and Thermodynamics **

Energy changes during a chemical reaction, Internal energy and Enthalpy, Internal energy and Enthalpy changes, Origin of Enthalpy change in a reaction, Hess’s Law of constant heat summation, numericals based on these concepts. Enthalpies of reactions (Enthalpy of neutralization, Enthalpy of combustion, Enthalpy of fusion and vaporization).

Sources of energy(conservation of energy sources and identification of alternative sources, pollution associated with consumption of fuels. The sun as the primary source).

First law of thermodynamics; Relation between Internal energy and Enthalpy, application of first law of thermodynamics. Second law of thermodynamics: Entropy, Gibbs energy, Spontaneity of a chemical reaction, Gibbs energy change and chemical equilibrium, Gibbs energy available for useful work.

**Unit 6: Chemical Equilibrium **

Equilibria involving physical changes (solid- liquid, liquid-gas equilibrium involving dissolution of solids in liquids, gases in liquids, general characteristics of equilibrium involving physical processes)

Equilibria involving chemical systems (the law of chemical equilibrium, the magnitude of the equilibrium constant, numerical problems).

Effect of changing conditions of systems at equilibrium (change of concentration, change of temperature, effect of catalyst-Le Chateliar’s principle).

Equilibria involving ions- ionization of electrolytes, weak and strong electrolytes, acid- base equilibrium, various concepts of acids and bases, ionization of water, pH scale, solubility product, numericals based on these concepts.

Surface : Adsorption – physical and chemical adsorption, adsorption isotherms.

Colloids-Preparation and general properties, Emulsions, Micelles. Catalysis : Homogeneous and heterogeneous, structure of catalyst, Enzymes, Zeolites.

Water and hydrogen peroxide, structure of water molecule and its aggregates, physical and chemical properties of water, hard and soft water, water softening, hydrogen peroxide- preparation, properties, structure and uses.

Water and hydrogen peroxide, structure of water molecule and its aggregates, physical and chemical properties of water, hard and soft water, water softening, hydrogen peroxide- preparation, properties, structure and uses.

**Unit 7: Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry **

Oxidation and reduction as an electron transfer concept. Redox reactions in aqueous solutions- electrochemical cells. e.m.f. of a galvanic cell. Dependence of e.m.f. on concentration and temperature (NERNST). equation and numerical problems based on it .Electrolysis, Oxidation number (rules for assigning oxidation number, redox reactions in terms of oxidation number, nomenclature). Balancing of oxidation-reduction equations.

Electrolytic conduction. Molar conductivity, Kohlrausch’s Law and its applications, Voltaic cell, Electrode potential and Electromotive force, Gibb’s energy change and cell potential. Electrode potential and products of electrolysis, Fuel cells, corrosion and its prevention.

**Unit 8: Rates of Chemical Reactions and Chemical Kinetics **

Rate of reaction, Instantaneous rate of reaction and order of reaction. Factors affecting rates of reactions- factors affecting rate of collisions encountered between the reactant molecules, effect of temperature on the reaction rate, concept of activation energy catalyst. Effect of light on rates of reactions. Elementary reactions as steps to more complex reactions. How fast are chemical reactions?

Rate law expression. Order of a reaction (with suitable examples).Units of rates and specific rate constant. Order of reaction and effect of concentration ( study will be confined to first order only). Temperature dependence of the rate constant – Fast reactions (only elementary idea). Mechanism of reaction ( only elementary idea). Photochemical reactions.

**Unit 9: Surface Chemistry **

**Unit 10: Chemical Families Periodic Properties **

Modern periodic law, Types of elements – Representatives elements ( s & p block, Transition elements – d-block elements, inner transition elements-f-block elements. Periodic trends in properties-ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, atomic radii, valence, periodicity in properties of compounds).

**Unit 11: Chemical Bonding and ****Molecular Structure **

Chemical bonds and Lewis structure, shapes of molecules ( VSEPR theory), Quantum theory of the covalent bond, hydrogen and some other simple molecules, carbon compounds, hybridization, Boron and Beryllium compounds.

Coordinate covalent bond, ionic bond as an extreme case of polar covalent bond, ionic character of molecules and polar molecules. Bonding in solid state ionic, molecular and covalent solids, metals. Hydrogen bond, Resonance. Molecules : Molecular orbital. Theory-bond order and magnetic properties of H_{2,O2,N2,F2 on }the basis of MOT. Hybridisation involving s, p and d orbitals (including shapes of simple organic molecules), Dipole moment and structure of molecules.

**Unit 12: Chemistry of Non-Metals – 1 **

Hydrogen (unique position in periodic table, occurrence, isotopes, properties, reactions and uses), Hydrides-molecular, gasoline and interstitial Oxygen (occurrence, preparation, properties and reactions, uses),simple oxides; ozone Water and hydrogen peroxide, structure of water molecule and its aggregates, physical and chemical properties of water, hard and soft water, water softening, hydrogen peroxide- preparation, properties, structure and uses.

Nitrogen- Preparation, properties, uses, compounds of Nitrogen-Ammonia, Oxides of Nitrogen, Nitric Acid-preparation, properties and uses.

**Unit 13: Chemistry of Non-metals-II **

Boron-occurrence, isolation, physical and chemical properties, borax and boric acid, uses of boron and its compounds.

Carbon, inorganic compounds of carbon-oxides, halides, carbides, elemental carbon.

Silicon- occurrence, preparation and properties, oxides and oxyacids of phosphorus, chemical fertilizers.

Sulphur – occurrence and extraction, properties and reactions, oxides, Sulphuric acid – preparation, properties and uses, sodium thiosulphate.

Halogens- occurrence, preparation, properties, hydrogen halides, uses of halogens.

Noble gases- discovery, occurrence and isolation, physical properties, chemistry of noble gases and their uses.

**Unit 14: Chemistry of Lighter Metals **

Sodium and Potassium- occurrence and extraction, properties and uses. Important compounds-NaCl, Na_{2}CO_{3}, NaHCO_{3}, NaOH, KCI,KOH.

Magnesium and calcium-occurrence and extraction, properties and uses. Important compounds Mgcl_{2}, MgSO_{4}, CaO, Ca(OH)_{2},CaCO_{3}, CaSO_{4}, Plaster of Paris, Bleaching Powder. Aluminium –occurrence, extraction properties and uses, compounds-AlCI_{3, }alums. Cement. Biological role of Sodium, Potassium, Magnesium and Calcium.

**Unit 15:- Heavy Metals **

Iron – Occurrence and extraction, compounds of iron, oxides, halides, sulphides, sulphate, alloy and steel.

Copper and Silver- occurrence and extraction, properties and uses, compounds-sulphides, halides and sulphates, photography.

Zinc and Mercury- occurrence and extraction, properties and uses, compounds-oxides, halides; sulphides and sulphates. Tin and Lead- occurrence and extraction, properties and uses, compounds-oxides, sulphides, halides.

**Unit 16: Chemistry of Representative ****Elements **

Periodic properties- Trends in groups and periods (a) Oxides-nature (b) Halides-melting points (c) Carbonates and sulphates-solubility.

The chemistry of s and p block elements: electronic configuration, general characteristics properties and oxidation states of the following:-

Group 1 elements – Alkali metals

Group 2 elements – Alkaline earth metals

Group 13 elements – Boron family

Group 14 elements – Carbon family

Group 15 elements – Nitrogen family

Group 16 elements – Oxygen family

Group 17 elements – Halogen family

Group 18 elements – Noble gases & Hydrogen

**Unit 17: Transition Metals Including Lanthanides **

Electronic configuration : General characteristic properties, oxidation states of transition metals. First row transition metals and general properties of their compounds-oxides, halides and sulphides. General properties of a second and third row transition elements ( Groupwise discussion).

Preparation and reactions, properties and uses of Potassium dichromate Potassium permanganate.

Inner Transition Elements: General discussion with special reference to oxidation states and lanthanide contraction.

**Unit 18: Coordination Chemistry and OrganoMetallics **

Coordination compounds, Nomenclature: Isomerism in coordination compounds; Bonding Tetravalency of Carbon, Homologous series. Functional groups- – C=C-,-C C-,and groups containing halogen, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur. General introduction to naming organic compounds-Common names and IUPAC nomenclature of aliphatic, aromatic and Cyclic Compounds. Illustration with examples of Compounds having not more than three same of different functional groups/ atoms. Isomerism- Structural and stereoisomerism (geometrical and optical). Chirality-Isomerism in Compounds having one and two chiral Centres. Enantiomers, diastereoisomers, racemic forms, racemisation & resolution. Covalent bond fission-Homolytic and Heterolytic: free radicals carbocations and Petroleum – Hydrocarbons from Petroleum, Cracking and reforming, quality of gasoline- Octane number, gasoline additives.

**Unit 23: Organic Compound Containing ****Halogens **

( Haloalkanes and Haloarenes)

Methods of preparation, physical properties and reactions. Preparation, properties and uses of Chloroform and iodoform.

**Unit 24 : Organic Compounds Containing ****Oxygen **

General methods of preparation, correlation of physical properties with their structures, chemical properties and uses of Alcohols, polyhydric alcohols, Ethers, aldehydes, ketones,

General methods of preparation, correlation of physical properties with their structures, chemical properties and uses of Alcohols, polyhydric alcohols, Ethers, aldehydes, ketones,

in coordination compounds, Werner’s coordination theory. Applications of coordination compounds.

**Unit 19: Nuclear Chemistry **

Nature of radiation from radioactive substances. Nuclear reactions; Radio-active disintegration series; Artificial transmutation of elements; Nuclear fission and Nuclear fusion: Isotopes and their applications: Radiocarbon-dating.

**Unit 20: Purification and Characterisation of Organic Compounds **

Purification (crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction, chromatography).

Qualitative analysis, detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and halogens.

Quantitative analysis- estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, phosphorus ( basic principles only)

Determination of molecular mass-Silver salt method, chloroplatinate salt method

Calculation of empirical formula and molecular formula.

Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis, modern methods of structure elucidation.

**Unit 21: Some Basic Principles **

Classification of Organic Compounds.

carbanions. Stability of Carbocations and free- radicals. Electrophiles and Nucleophiles.

Electron displacement in a covalent bond- inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance Common types of organic reactions- Substitution, addition, elimination and rearrangement reactions. Illustration with examples.

**Unit 22: Hydrocarbons **

Classification. Sources of hydrocarbons: Alkanes- General methods of preparation (from unsaturated hydrocarbons, alkyl halides, aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids). Physical properties and reactions (Substitution), Oxidation and miscellaneous). Conformations of alkanes(ethane, propane butane) and cyclohexane, sawhorse and Newman projections)-mechanism of halogenation of alkanes.

Alkanes and Alkynes- General methods of preparation physical properties, Chemical reactions-Mechanism of electrophilic addition reactions in alkenes-Markowni Koff’s Rule, peroxide effect. Acidic character of alkynes. Polymerisation of alkenes.

Aromatic hydrocarbons- Benzene and its homologues, Isomerism, Chemical reactions of benzene. Structure of benzene, resonance. Directive influence of substituents.

Petroleum – Hydrocarbons from Petroleum, Cracking and reforming, quality of gasoline- Octane number, gasoline additives.

carboxylic acids and their derivatives, Phenol, Benzaldehyde and Benzoic acid -their important methods of preparation and reactions. Acidity of carboxylic acids and phenol effect of substituents on the acidity of carboxylic acids.

**Unit 25: Organic Compounds Containing ****Nitrogen **(Cyanides, isocyanides, nitro compounds and amines)

Nomenclature and classification of amines, cyanides, isocyanides, nitro compounds and their methods of preparation; correlation of their physical properties with structure, chemical reactions and uses- Basicity of amines.

**Unit 26: Synthetic and Natural Polymers **

Classification on Polymers, natural and synthetic polymers (with stress on their general methods of preparation) and important uses of the following.

Teflon, PVC, Polystyrene, Nylon-66, terylene, Bakelite)

**Unit 27: Bio Molecules and Biological Processes **

The Cell and Energy Cycle Carbohydrates: Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, Polysaccharides Amino acids and Peptides- Structure and classification. Proteins and Enzymes-Structure of Proteins, Role of enzymes. Nucleic Acids-DNA and RNA Biological functions of Nucleic acids-Protein synthesis and replication. Lipids – Structure, membranes and their functions.

**Unit 28: Chemistry In Action **

Dyes, Chemicals in medicines (antipyretic, analgesic, antibiotics & tranquilisers), Rocket propellants. ( Structural formulae non-evaluative)

**Unit 29: Environmental Chemistry **

Environmental pollutants; soil, water and air pollution; major atmospheric pollutants; acid rain, Ozone and its reactions causing ozone layer depletion, effects of the depletion of ozone layer, industrial air pollution. ** **

**SYLLABUS FOR B.TECH. (4YEARS)/ BIOTECHNOLOGY- DUAL DEGREE ****(B.TECH / M.TECH) **

**MATHEMATICS **

**Unit 1:- Sets, Relations and Functions **

Sets and their Representations, Union, intersection and complements of sets, and their algebraic properties, Relations, equivalence relations, mappings, one-one, into and onto mappings, composition of mappings.

**Unit 2: Complex Numbers **

Complex numbers in the form a+ib and their representation in a plane. Argand diagram. Algebra of complex numbers, Modulus and Argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, square root of a complex number. Cube roots of unity, triangle inequality.

**Unit 3: Matrices and Determinants **

Determinants and matrices of order two and three, properties of determinants, Evaluation of determinants. Area of triangles using determinants; Addition and multiplication of matrices, adjoint and inverse of matrix. Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations using determinants and matrices.

**Unit 4: Quadratic Equations **

Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions. Relation between roots and coefficients, nature of roots, formation of quadratic equations with given roots; Symmetric functions of roots, equations reducible to quadratic equations-application to practical problems.

**Unit 5 : Permutations and Combinations **

Integral as an antiderivative. Fundamental integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. Integration by substitution, by parts and partial fractions. Integration using trigonometric

identities. Integral as limit of a sum. Properties of definite integrals. Evaluation of definite integrals; Determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves.

Standard form of the equation of a circle, general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and centre, equation of a circle in the parametric form, equation of a circle when the endpoints of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a Standard form of the equation of a circle, general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and centre, equation of a circle in the parametric form, equation of a circle when the endpoints of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a Fundamental principle of counting; Permutation as an arrangement and combination as selection, Meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r). Simple applications.

**Unit 6: Binomial Theorem and Its ****Applications **

Binomial Theorem for a positive integral index; general term and middle term; Binomial Theorem for any index. Properties of Binomial Coefficients. Simple applications for approximations.

**Unit 7: Sequences and Series **Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Insertion of Arithmetic Geometric and Harmonic means between two given numbers. Relation Between A.M., G.M. and H.M. Special series: Sn,Sn^{2},Sn^{3}. Arithmetico- Geometric Series, Exponential and Logarithmic series**. **

**Unit 8: Differential Calculus **Polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential functions, Inverse functions. Graphs of simple functions. Limits, Continuity; differentiation of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions: differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite and implicit functions; derivatives of order upto two. Applications of derivatives: Rate of change of quantities, monotonic-increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima and minima of functions of one variable, tangents and normals, Rolle and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems.

**Unit 9:- Integral Calculus **

**Unit 10:- Differential Equations **Ordinary differential equations, their order and degree. Formation of differential equations. Solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables. Solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations, and those of the type d^{2}y = f(x) dx^{2 }

**Unit 12:- Two Dimensional Geometry **

Recall of Cartesian system of rectangular co- ordinates in a plane, distance formula, area of a triangle, condition of the collinearity of three points and section formula, centroid and in- centre of a triangle, locus and its equation, translation of axes, the slope of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of a line on the coordinate axes.

**The straight line and a pair of straight lines **

Various forms of equations of a line, intersection of lines, angles between two lines, conditions for concurrence of three lines, distance of a point from a line Equations of internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines, coordinates of centroid, orthocenter and circumcentre of a triangle, equation of family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines, homogeneous equation of second degree in x and y, angle between pair of lines through the origin, combined equation of the bisectors of the angles between a pair of lines, condition for the general second degree equation to represent a pair of lines, point of intersection and angle between two lines.

**Circles and Family of Circles **

line and a circle with the centre at the origin and conditions for a line to be tangent to the circle, the length of the tangent, equation of the tangent, equation of a family of circles through the intersection of two circles, condition for two intersecting circles to be orthogonal.

**Conic Sections **

Sections of cones, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse and hyperbola) in standard forms, condition for y = mx+c to be a tangent and point (s) of tangency.

**Unit 13: Three Dimensional Geometry **Coordinates of a point in space, distance between two points; Section formula, direction ratios and direction cosines, angle between two intersecting lines. Skew lines, the shortest distance between them and its equation. Equations of a line and a plane in different forms; intersection of a line and a plane, coplanar lines, equation of a sphere, its centre and radius. Diameter form of the equation of a sphere.

**Unit 14: Vector Algebra **

Vectors and Scalars, addition of vectors, components of a vector in two dimensions and three dimensional space, scalar and vector products, scalar and vector triple product. Application of vectors to plane geometry.

**Unit 15: Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion **

Calculation of Mean, median and mode of grouped and ungrouped data. Calculation of standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data.

**Unit 16: Probability **

Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems of probability and their application; Conditional probability; Bayes’ Theorem, probability distribution of a random variate; Binomial and Poisson distributions and their properties.

**Unit 17: Trigonometry **

Trigonometric identities and equations. Inverse trigonometric functions and their properties. Properties of triangles, including centroid, incentre, circum-centre and orthocenter, solution of triangles. Heights and Distances.

** **

**SYLLABUS FOR ****BIOTECHNOLOGY- DUAL DEGREE (B.TECH / M.TECH) & B.SC.NURSING **

**BIOLOGY (BOTANY AND ZOOLOGY) **

**Unit : 1 Diversity in Living World **

Biology – its meaning and relevance to mankind What is living; Taxonomic categories and aids (Botanical gardens, herbaria, museums, zoological parks); Systematics and Binomial system of nomenclature. Introductory classification of living organisms (Two-kingdom system, Five- kingdom system); Major groups of each kingdom alongwith their salient features (Monera, including Archaebacteria and Cyanobacteria, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia); Viruses; Lichens Plant kingdom – Salient features of major groups (Algae to Angiosperms); Animal kingdom – Salient features of Nonchordates up to phylum, and Chordates up to class level.

**Unit : 2 Cell : The Unit of Life ; Structure and Function **

Cell wall; Cell membrane; Endomembrane system (ER, Golgi apparatus/Dictyosome, Lysosomes, Vacuoles); Mitochondria; Plastids; Ribosomes; Cytoskeleton; Cilia and Flagella; Centrosome and Centriole; Morphology of a flowering plant; Tissues and tissue systems in plants; Anatomy and function of root, stem(including modifications), leaf, inflorescence, flower (including position and arrangement of different whorls, placentation), fruit and seed; Types of fruit; Secondary growth; Absorption and movement of water (including diffusion, osmosis and water relations of cell) and of nutrients; Translocation of food; Transpiration and gaseous exchange; Mechanism of stomatal movement. Mineral nutrition – Macro- and micro- nutrients in plants including deficiency disorders; Biological nitrogen fixation mechanism. Photosynthesis – Light reaction, cyclic and non-cyclic photophosphorylation; Various

pathways of carbon dioxide fixation; Photorespiration; Limiting factors. Respiration – Anaerobic, Fermentation, Aerobic; Glycolysis, TCA cycle; Electron transport system; Energy relations.

**Unit : 5 Structure and Function – Animals **Tissues; Elementary knowledge of morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems of earthworm, cockroach and frog. Human Physiology – Digestive system – organs, digestion and absorption; Respiratory system – organs, breathing and exchange and transport of gases. Body fluids and circulation – Blood, lymph, double circulation, regulation of cardiac activity; Hypertension, Coronary artery diseases. Excretion system – Urine formation, regulation of kidney function Locomotion and movement – Skeletal system, joints, muscles, types of movement. Control and coordination – Central and peripheral nervous systems, structure and function of neuron, reflex action and sensory reception; Role of various types of endocrine glands; Mechanism of hormone action.

**Unit : 6 Reproduction, Growth and Movement in Plants **

Asexual methods of reproduction; Sexual Reproduction – Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination (Types and agents); Fertilization; Development of embryo, endosperm, seed and fruit (including parthenocarpy and apomixis). Growth and Movement – Growth phases; Types of growth regulators and their role in seed dormancy, germination and movement; Apical dominance; Senescence; Abscission;

Nucleus; Microbodies. Structural differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic, and between plant and animal cells. Cell cycle (various phases); Mitosis; Meiosis. Biomolecules – Structure and function of Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, and Nucleic acids. Enzymes – Chemical nature, types, properties and mechanism of action.

**Unit : 3 Genetics and Evolution **

Mendelian inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Gene interaction; Incomplete dominance; Codominance; Complementary genes; Multiple alleles; Linkage and Crossing over; Inheritance patterns of hemophilia and blood groups in humans. DNA –its organization and replication; Transcription and Translation; Gene expression and regulation; DNA fingerprinting. Theories and evidences of evolution, including modern Darwinism.

**Unit : 4 Structure and Function – Plants **

pathways of carbon dioxide fixation; Photorespiration; Limiting factors. Respiration – Anaerobic, Fermentation, Aerobic; Glycolysis, TCA cycle; Electron transport system; Energy relations.

**Unit : 5 Structure and Function – Animals **Tissues; Elementary knowledge of morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems of earthworm, cockroach and frog. Human Physiology – Digestive system – organs, digestion and absorption; Respiratory system – organs, breathing and exchange and transport of gases. Body fluids and circulation – Blood, lymph, double circulation, regulation of cardiac activity; Hypertension, Coronary artery diseases. Excretion system – Urine formation, regulation of kidney function Locomotion and movement – Skeletal system, joints, muscles, types of movement. Control and coordination – Central and peripheral nervous systems, structure and function of neuron, reflex action and sensory reception; Role of various types of endocrine glands; Mechanism of hormone action.

Photo- periodism; Vernalisation; Various types of movements.

**Unit : 7 Reproduction and Development in Humans **

Male and female reproductive systems; Menstrual cycle; Gamete production; Fertilisation; Implantation; Embryo development; Pregnancy and parturition; Birth control and contraception.

**Unit : 8 Ecology and Environment **

Meaning of ecology, environment, habitat and niche. Ecological levels of organization (organism to biosphere); Characteristics of Species, Population, Biotic Community and Ecosystem; Succession and Climax. Ecosystem – Biotic and abiotic components; Ecological pyramids; Food chain and Food web; Energy flow; Major types of ecosystems including agroecosystem. Ecological adaptations – Structural and physiological features in plants and animals of aquatic and desert habitats. Biodiversity – Meaning, types and conservation strategies (Biosphere reserves, National parks and Sanctuaries) Environmental Issues – Air and Water Pollution (sources and major pollutants); Global warming and Climate change; Ozone Depletion; Noise pollution; Radioactive pollution; Methods of pollution control (including an idea of bioremediation); Deforestation; Extinction of species (Hot Spots).

**Unit : 9 Biology and Human Welfare **

Animal husbandry – Livestock, Poultry, Fisheries; Major animal diseases and their

control. Pathogens of major communicable diseases of humans caused by fungi, bacteria, viruses, protozoans and helminths, and their control. Cancer; AIDS. Adolescence and drug/alcohol abuse; Basic concepts of immunology. Plant Breeding and Tissue Culture in crop improvement. Biofertilisers (green manure, symbiotic and free-living nitrogen-fixing microbes, mycorrhizae); Biopesticides (micro- organisms as biocontrol agents for pests and pathogens); Bioherbicides; Microorganisms as pathogens of plant diseases with special reference to rust and smut of wheat, bacterial leaf blight of rice, late blight of potato, bean mosaic, and root – knot of vegetables.

Bioenergy – Hydrocarbon – rich plants as substitute of fossil fuels.

**Unit:10 Biotechnology and its Applications **

Microbes as ideal system for biotechnology**; **Microbial technology in food processing, industrial production (alcohol, acids, enzymes, antibiotics), sewage treatment and energy generation. Steps in recombinant DNA technology – restriction enzymes, DNA insertion by vectors and other methods, regeneration of recombinants. Applications of R-DNA technology. In human health –Production of Insulin, Vaccines and Growth hormones, Organ transplant, Gene therapy. In Industry – Production of expensive enzymes, strain improvement to scale up bioprocesses. In Agriculture – GM crops by transfer of genes for nitrogen fixation, herbicide-resistance and pest-resistance including Bt crops

**Unit 4: Fourier Series **Periodic function, Fourier series, Euler’s formula, Even and odd functions, Fourier series expansions of even and odd function, half range expansion of functions, Expansion of functions with finite discontinuities.

**Unit 5: Matrix **Types of matrices, algebra of matrices, rank, solution of nonhomogeneous system of equations, consistency of the system of equations, Linear independence and

**Unit 2: Dynamics **

Force proportional to displacement, free vibration, D’ Alembert’s principle, momentum and impulse. Application to principle of linear momentum to a single particle, rigid bodies and ideal systems. Application to principle of angular momentum to a single particle and rotating rigid bodies. Principle of conservation of momentum.

Force proportional to displacement, free vibration, D’ Alembert’s principle, momentum and impulse. Application to principle of linear momentum to a single particle, rigid bodies and ideal systems. Application to principle of angular momentum to a single particle and rotating rigid bodies. Principle of conservation of momentum.

**SYLLABUS FOR B.TECH. (LATERAL ENTRY) **

**MATHEMATICS **

**Unit 1: Ordinary Differential Equation **

Differential equation of first order. Linear differential equation of second order (homogeneous and non homogeneous case). Cauchy, Euler’s equation, Application of first order differential equations (mixture problem, Newton’s law of cooling, orthogonal trajectory). Application to LCR circuits, Application to free and forced vibration of Mass spring system.

**Unit 2: Series Method **

Properties of power series, Radius of convergence of power series, Legender’s equation and Legender’s polynomial, properties of Legender’s polynomial, Gamma function, ordinary and singular point Frobenius method, Bessel’s equation and properties of Bessel’s function.

**Unit 3: Laplace Transform **

Laplace transforms of standard functions, periodic functions, Unit step function, Transforms of derivatives and integrals. Differentiation and integration of transforms, Linearity property, Inverse Laplace transform, Shifting theorems, Convolution. Application to solve differential and integral equations ( initial value problems).

independance, solution of homogeneous system of equations. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors. Norm and inner product. Orthogonal and projection matrix.

Application of eigenvalues and vectors to solve the system of homogeneous linear differential equation.

**Unit 6 : Vectors: **

Vector algebra, product of vectors, vector differentiation, vector differential operator, gradient, directional derivatives, divergence, curl, line integral, double integral, green’s theorem.

**ENGINEERING MECHANICS **

**Unit 1:- Statics **

Conditions of equilibrium, the concept of free body diagram, methods of moments and solution to engineering problems.

Friction : Static friction, ladder friction, problems with friction, Belt friction and screw jack, force analysis of plane trusses ( method of joint, method of sections, plane frames, methods of members), Parallel forces in a plane, Centre of parallel forces, Pappus Guldinus theorems, MI of plane figures, parallel axis theorem, perpendicular axis theorem, Polar MI, Principle of virtual work for a single particle, rigid bodies, ideal systems and constrained bodies.

**Unit 3**: **Work and Energy **

Principle of work and energy for ideal system, Conservation of energy.

**BASIC ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING **

**Unit 1: Electrostatics **Coulomb’s law, Electric charge, Potential, Field & Capacitance, Potential gradient due to spherical cylindrical and plane charges, Electric force, Flux density and permittivity. Calculation of Capacitance of spherical, coaxial, cylindrical and parallel plate condenser. Energy stored in an electric field.

**Unit 2: Electromagnetism **

Magnetic field due to current in conductor. Magnetic field intensity and Flux density. Permeability, B-H curves, Magnetisation, Concept in hysteresis. Magnetomotive force and Magnetic reluctance.

Electrodynamic force:- Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction, Eddy current, emf induced in a conductor moving in a magnetic field. Energy stored in a magnetic field.

**Unit 3: D.C. Circuit **

Current distribution in series and parallel circuit. Power and energy in electric circuit. Star-Delta conversion. Kirchoff;s law & its

application and solve electric circuit by branch & loop current method & nodal method. Superposition theorem.

**Unit 4: A.C. Circuit **

Production of alternating current – Instantaneous, average & rms value of current and voltage. Peak factor, Form factor, Amplitude, Frequency, Phase difference, Addition and subtraction of alternating quantity. Phasor diagram, Resistance, Inductance, Capacitance, impedance and admittance- power and power factor-series and parallel circuits. Q factor-Three phase circuit. Star-Delta connection-Active and reactive power. Power measurement with one and two wattmeter methods-Calculation in RLC circuit, in series circuit.

**Unit 5: Instrument **

Construction and principle of operation- PMMC, MI and dynamometer type ammeter, voltmeter and dynamometer type wattmeter. Power factor meters.

**Unit 6: Illumination **Law of illumination- Solid angle, Luminous flux, Luminous intensity, illumination brightness and luminous efficiency.

**Unit 7: Production Light **

Filament lamp, Arc lamp, Electric discharge lamps, Sodium vapour lamp, Mercury vapour lamp-Theory of electrical energy radiation. Comparison between filament lamp and fluorescent lamp.

**SYLLABUS FOR MCA /MCA (LE) PROGRAMME & M.SC. COMPUTER SCIENCE MATHEMATICS **

**Unit 1:- Algebra of Sets : **Set operations, Union, Intersection, Difference, Symmetric Difference, Complement, Venn Diagram, Cartesian products of sets, Relation and Function, Composite Function, Inverse of a Function, Equivalence Relation, Kinds of Function.

**Unit 2:- Number Systems : **Real numbers (algebraic and other properties), rational and irrational numbers, Complex numbers, Algebra of complex numbers, Conjugate and square root of a complex number, cube roots of unity, De- moivre’s Theorem with simple applications. Permutation and combinations and their simple applications, Mathematical induction, Binomial Theorem. Determinants up to third order, Minors and Cofactors, Properties of determinants. Matrices up to third order, Types of Matrices. Algebra of matrices, Adjoint and inverse of a matrix. Application of determinants and matrices to the solution of linear equation ( in three unknowns)

**Unit 3:-Trigonometry : **Compound angles, Multiple and Sub-multiple angles, solution of trigonometric equations, Properties of triangles, Inverse circular function.

**Unit 4:- Coordinate Geometry of Two Dimensions : **Straight lines, pairs of straight lines, Circles, Equations of tangents and normals to a circle. Equations of Parabola, Ellipse and Hyperbola, Ellipse and hyperbola in simple forms and their tangents (Focus, directrix, eccentricity and latus rectum in all cases)

**Unit 5:-Coordinate Geometry of Three Dimensions: **Distance and division formulae, Direction cosines and direction ratios. Projections, Angles between two planes, Angle between a line and plane. Equations of a sphere- general equation.

**Unit 6: -Vector **Fundamentals, Dot and Cross product of two vectors, Scalar triple product, Simple Applications (to geometry, work and moment).

**Unit 7:-Differential Calculus **: Concept of limit, continuity, Derivation of standard functions, successive differentiation, simple cases, Leibnitz Theorem, Partial differentiation, Simple cases, derivatives as rate measure, Maxima and minima, indeterminate forms, Geometrical applications such as tangents and normals to plane curves.

**Unit 8:-Integral Calculus:- **Standard methods of integration ( substitution, by pars, by partial fractions etc.) Definite integrals and properties of Definite Integrals, Areas under plane curves, Differential Equations only simple cases such as

(i) dy/dx = f(x)

(ii) dy/dx=f(x) g (y)

(iii) d^{2}y/dx^{2 }= f(x) and application to motions in a straight line.

**Unit 9:-Probability and Statistics : **Averages (Mean, Median and Mode), Dispersion (standard deviation and variance). Definition of probability, Mutually exclusive events, Independent events, Addition theorem.

**COMPUTER AWARENESS **Computer Basics**: **Organization of a Computer, Central Processing Unit (CPU), Structure of instructions in CPU, input/output devices, computer memory, back-up devices.

**DATA REPRESENTATION **Representation of characters, integers and fractions, binary and hexadecimal representations, Binary Arithmetic : Addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, simple arithmetic and two’s complement arithmetic, floating point representation of numbers, Boolean algebra, truth tables, venn diagram.

**ANALYTICAL ABILITY AND LOGICAL REASONING **Questions in this section will test logical reasoning and quantitative reasoning.

**SYLLABUS FOR M.SC. (BIOTECHNOLOGY / APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY) **

**BIOLOGY (10+2+3 Standard) **

**Unit 1:- General Biology **Taxonomy; Heredity; Genetic variation; Conservation; Principles of ecology; Evolution; Techniques in modern biology.

**Unit 2 :-Biochemistry and Physiology **Carbohydrates; Proteins; Lipids; Nucleic acids; Enzymes; Vitamins; Hormones; Metabolism; Photosynthesis. Nitrogen Fixation, Fertilization and Osmoregulation; Nervous system; Endocrine system; Vascular system; Immune system; Digestive system, Reproductive System.

**Unit 3 :-Basic Biotechnology **Tissue culture; Application of enzymes; Antigen-antibody interaction; Antibody production; Diagnostic aids.

**Unit 4 :-Molecular Biology **DNA; RNA; Replication; Transcription; Translation; Proteins; Lipids; Membranes; Gene transfer.

**Unit 5:-Cell Biology **Cell cycle; Cytoskeletal elements; Mitochondria; Endoplasmic reticulum; chloroplast; Golgi apparatus; Signaling.

**Unit 6:-Microbiology **Isolation; Cultivation; Characterization and enumeration of virus; Bacteria; Fungi; Protozoa; Pathogenic microorganisms.

**CHEMISTRY (10+2+3 Standard) **

**Unit 1 :-Atomic Structure **Bohr’s theory and Schrodinger wave equation; Periodicity in properties;Chemical bonding; Properties of s, p, d and f block elements; Complex formation; Coordination compounds; Chemical equilibria; Chemical

thermodynamics (first and second law); Chemical kinetics (zero, first, second and third order reactions); Photochemistry;

Electrochemistry; Acid-base concepts; Stereochemistry of carbon compounds; Inductive, Electromeric, conjugative effects and resonance.

**Unit 2 :-Chemistry of Functional Groups **Hydrocarbons, alkyl halides, alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, amines and their derivatives; Aromatic hydrocarbons, halides, nitro and amino compounds, phenols, diazonium salts, carboxylic and sulphonic acids; Mechanism of organic reaction; Soaps and detergents; Synthetic polymers; Biomolecules- amino acids, proteins, nucleic acids, lipids and carbohydrates (polysaccharides); Instrumental techniques – chromatography (TLC, HPLC), electrophoresis, UV-Vis-IR and NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, etc.

**MATHEMATICS (10+2 Standard) **

Sets, Relations and Functions, Mathematical Induction, Logarithms, Complex numbers, Linear and Quadratic equations, Sequences and Series, Trigonometry, Cartesian System of Rectangular Coordinates, Straight lines and Family, Circles, Conic Sections, Permutations and Combinations, Binomial Theorem, Exponential and Logarithmic Series, Mathematical Logic, Statistics, Three Dimensional Geometry, Vectors, Stocks, Shares and Debentures, Average and Partition Values, Index numbers, Matrices and Determinants, Boolean Algebra, Probability, Functions, limits and Continuity, Differentiation, Application of Derivatives, Definite and Indefinite Integrals, Differential Equations, Elementary Statics and Dynamics, Partnership, Bill of Exchange, Linear Programming, Annuities, Application of Calculus in Commerce and Economics.

**PHYSICS (10+2 Standard) **

Physical World and Measurement, Kinematics, Laws of Motion, Work, Energy and Power Electrostatics, Current electricity, Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism, Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Current, Electromagnetics waves, Optics, Dual Nature of Matter and Radiations, Atomic Nucleus, Solids and Semiconductor Devices, Principles of Communication, Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body, Gravitation, Mechanics of Solids and Fluids, Heat and Thermodynamics, Oscillations, Waves.