The Staff Selection Commission (SSC) conducts an annual open examination for the recruitment of Constable (General Duty) in Border Security Force (BSF), Secretariat Security Force (SSF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), National Investigation Agency (NIA), Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and Rifleman (General Duty) in Assam Rifles.


SSC GD Exam Pattern:

The candidates must have prior knowledge of both the SSC GD Exam pattern. Candidates must go through them with a fine-tooth comb to have a better understanding of the SSC GD Exam.

Check the below table for detailed SSC GD exam pattern which includes subjects, questions, marks and duration of SSC GD Paper I, PET/PST and Paper II.






02 hours

Physical Eligibility Test (PET)

Physical Standard Test (PST)

Detailed Medical Examination (DME)


SSC GD Paper  Exam Pattern

Computer-Based Examination (CBE): This is an online test comprising of objective-type questions which are explained at length below under the syllabus section of the article. As per the SSC GD Exam Pattern, It is further divided into four parts:

Subject  Questions  Maximum Marks  Total Duration
General Intelligence & Reasoning 25 25 90 minutes

General Knowledge and General Awareness

25 25

Elementary Mathematics

25 25

English/ Hindi

25 25


SSC GD PET  Exam Pattern

Physical Efficiency Test (PET): Once candidates clear the CBE, they would be shortlisted to take the PET/ PST organised by the Commission. During PET/ PST, candidates who are found eligible on the basis of height parameters are permitted to undergo PET (race) which is followed by biometric/ technology-aided identification test. The scrutiny of candidates’ eligibility for any relaxation in terms of age, height and chest measurement is done only after they qualify the PET (race) before PST conducted by CAPFs PET/ PST Boards.





Kilo Meters


Kilo Meters






Race (Belonging to Ladakh Region) 




NOTE:  Pregnant women are disqualified from taking this test.


SSC GD Physical Standard Test (PST):

In this test, the physical standards of the candidates are being tested on the basis of three factors:

Physical Standard Category Male (in cms) Female
Height General, SC & OBC 170 157
Chest General, SC & OBC 80/5
Weight Proportionate to height and age as per medical standards Proportionate to height and age as per medical standards

Detailed Medical Examination (DME): Candidates who qualify the PET/ PST are shortlisted for the DME. The selected candidates are medically examined by the Medical Boards constituted by the CAPFs to assess their physical and medical fitness on the basis of the following points:

  • Eyesight
  • Medical Fitness

The criteria set by the SSC authority in for vision test is given in the table below:

SSC GD Exam - Vision Test - (I)



The SSC GD Syllabus comprises a Computer Based Examination which includes an objective-type paper carrying 100 marks for 100 questions.

S. No. Section Name Questions Max. Marks Duration
Part A General Intelligence and Reasoning 25 25 1.5 hours (Cumulative)
Part B General Knowledge and General Awareness 25 25
Part C Elementary Mathematics 25 25
Part D English/ Hindi 25 25

All the Objective-type questions mainly comprise of Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs). The Computer Based Examination (CBE) is conducted in two languages – English and Hindi only.

The SSC GD Syllabus for the Computer Based Examination includes the following:

A.General Intelligence & Reasoning:

This General Intelligence syllabus section mainly consists of both verbal and non-verbal types of reasoning questions. This test particularly includes questions which test the candidate’s analytical and logical reasoning skills and his/ her ability to observe and distinguish patterns through questions principally of non-verbal type.

The list of topics under the General Intelligence & Reasoning syllabus are listed below:

  1. Analogies
  2. Arithmetic Number Series
  3. Arithmetical Reasoning
  4. Coding-Decoding
  5. Discrimination
  6. Figural Classification
  7. Non-verbal Series
  8. Observation
  9. Relationship Concepts
  10. Similarities and Differences
  11. Spatial Orientation
  12. Spatial Visualization
  13. Visual Memory

B.General Knowledge and General Awareness:

The questions in this section aim at evaluating the candidate’s general awareness about day-to-day affairs and current affairs. These questions do not require the candidate to have special knowledge of any particular discipline. The questions in this component revolve around matters of everyday observations and test the candidate’s knowledge of the environment around him/ her and topics related to India and its neighbouring countries such as:

  1. Culture
  2. Economic Scene
  3. General Polity
  4. Geography
  5. History
  6. Indian Constitution
  7. Scientific Research
  8. Sports

C.Elementary Mathematics:

This section primarily assesses the candidate’s knowledge of high-school level mathematical problems. According to the SSC GD Syllabus, the following topics are:

  1. Averages
  2. Computation of Whole Numbers
  3. Decimals and Fractions
  4. Discount
  5. Fundamental Arithmetical Operations
  6. Interest
  7. Mensuration
  8. Number Systems
  9. Percentages
  10. Profit and Loss
  11. Ratio and Proportion
  12. Ratio and Time
  13. Relationship between Numbers
  14. Time and Distance
  15. Time and Work


  1. Spot the Error
  2. Fill in the Blanks
  3. Synonyms/Homonyms
  4. Antonyms
  5. Spellings/Detecting Mis-spelt words
  6. Idioms & Phrases
  7. One Word Substitution
  8. Improvement of Sentences
  9. Active/Passive Voice of Verbs
  10. Conversion into Direct/Indirect narration
  11. Shuffling of Sentence parts
  12. Shuffling of Sentences in a passage
  13. Cloze Passage
  14. Comprehension Passage


  1. वर्तनी की सामान्य अशुद्धियाँ तथा शब्दों के शब्द  रूप
  2. शब्दों के स्त्रीलिंग
  3. बहुवचन, किसी वाक्य को अन्य लिंग में परिवर्तन
  4. मुहावरा व उनका अर्थ
  5. अशुद्ध वाक्यों के शुद्ध रूप
  6. विलोमार्थी शब्द
  7. समानार्थी व पर्यायवाची शब्द
  8. अनेक शब्दों के लिए एक शब्द
  9. कहावतें व लोकोक्तियां के अर्थ
  10. संधि विच्छेद
  11. क्रिया से भाववाचक संज्ञा बनाना
  12. रचना एवं रचयिता

The Question weightage that each topic in the SSC GD Constable Syllabus carries is as mentioned below:

Topic Weightage in SSC GD Syllabus 2019

Sections Topics Weightage
General Knowledge and General Awareness Current Affairs & Static G.K 8-10 Questions & 13-15 Questions

English/ Hindi
Error Spotting, Fill in the Blanks, Phrase replacements, Cloze test, Synonyms & Antonyms, Phrase and idioms meaning, One Word Substitution, Spellings, Reading comprehension 3-5 Questions & 5 Questions & 3 Questions & 5 Questions & 6 Questions & 3-4 Questions & 3-4 Questions & 3-4 Questions & 5 Questions
General Intelligence and Reasoning Analogy, Coding-Decoding , Classifications, Series, Order Ranking, Direction & Distances, Clock & calendar, Alphabet or word test, Venn diagram, Puzzles, Blood relations, Non- verbal reasoning, Syllogism, Verbal reasoning  2-3 Questions & 2-3 Questions & 1-2 Questions & 1-2 Questions & 2-3 Questions & 1-2 Questions & 0-1 Questions & 2-3 Questions & 2-3 Questions & 2-3 Questions & 1-2 Questions & 2-3 Questions & 1-2 Questions & 1-2 Questions
Elementary Mathematics Mixture Problems, Ratio Proportions, Number Systems, Simplification, Algebra, Profit and Loss, Percentage, Average, Time and workSpeed, Time and Distance, Mensuration, Simple Interest, Data Interpretations 1-2 Questions & 2-3 Questions & 1-2 Questions & 3-4 Questions & 4-5 Questions & 4-5 Questions & 1-2 Questions & 1-2 Questions & 1-2 Questions & 1-2 Questions & 1-2 Questions & 2-3 Questions & 4-5 Questions

English/Hindi: The questions in this component tests the candidates’ ability to understand and analyse basic English/Hindi and the comprehension skills in the language are being tested.

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