Subject – History
Topic – Medieval India
Sub topic – Mughal Empire
Topic for this page – Babur
By: Dr. Neha Singh
Babur in his famous book Baburnama tells us about the establishment of Mughal empire in India. He defeated Ibrahim Lodhi in the first battle of Panipat in 1526. He writes,
“Many men like us have taken breath at this spring,
And have passes away in the twinkling of an eye;
We took the world by courage and might,
But we could not take it with us to the grave.”
The word mughals is said to be derived by Mongols. Their ancestral roots are from Turks and Uzbegs. Their lineage is the most successful lineage of Muslim rulers of India. They ruled around 181 years from Babur to Aurangzeb. They have the credit of having an organized and a better administration for the country with supreme authority.
The first half opf the sixteenth century is the evident witness of a new dynasty – the Mughals who moved from central Asia to India. Mughals have left behind a great legacy of administrational structures. They have given the concept of the fusion of Indo-Islamic art, architecture and culture.
Their successor pattern was that of Timurid tradition where the throne was inherited ad shared among brothers. Therefore, all the brothers had a desire to rule the mighty mughal empire. This can be interpreted and inferred as there are many rebellions in the contemporary accounts of historians.
Time line of Mughal empire
The first mughal king was Babur who was followed by Humayun, Akbar, Jahangir, Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb. After Aurangzeb, mughal rulers were not able to keep their kingdom intact. The failure of Bhadur Shah Zafar lead to the establishment of British rule in India.
|S. No.||Name of the ruler||Time Period|
|2.||Humayun||1530-1540 and 1555-56|
Note- Sher Shah was not a mughal ruler, still he managed to give a stable rule for the country.
Babur (1526-1530 Common Era (CE))
Reasons for Babur’s success in the first battle of Panipat